Japan Imported Record High Tons of Wood Chips in 2008
June 24, 2009 - The total wood fiber consumption by the pulp sector in Japan
has slowly increased over the past 15 years, reaching a record of 19.1 million tons in
2008, of which 13 million tons was hardwood fiber. This can be compared to a total consumption of 18.7 million tons in 2005 and 18.4 million tons in 1993, according to Wood Resource Quarterly (WRQ).
The report noted that the pulp industry in Japan has always been very dependent on imported wood chips and the
country continues to be the dominant importer of wood chips in the Pacific Rim. Its share
accounted for 84 percent of the total chip trade in the region in 2008, with Taiwan, China
and South Korea together accounting for the remaining 16 percent.
Last year, over 72 percent of the total wood fibre consumption in Japan was imported,
with a majority being hardwood chips. Since 1993, the usage of imported hardwood
chips, mainly from plantations in Australia, Vietnam, Chile and South Africa, has gone
up about 40 percent. Consumption of softwood fibre has slowly and steadily declined,
reaching a record-low of 6.1 million tons in 2008. This is nine percent lower than in 1993
and represents a reduction in the use of wood chips from overseas sources.
Pulp mills in Japan were paying close to all-time-high prices for imported wood chips in
the 4Q/08. Softwood chip prices averaged US$203/odmt in the 1Q/09, up from
$157/odmt two years ago, as reported in the WRQ.
Imported hardwood chip prices have also trended upward the past few years and reached a peak of US$201/odmt in the 3Q/08.
The average price in the first quarter this year was down to US$187/odmt. The lowest cost
chips during 2008 were shipped from Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam, while
Australia, South Africa and Chile were the highest-cost suppliers.
Imports of wood chips to Japan in 2009 will probably be at their lowest levels in at least
20 years, because the pulp industry is expected to reduce production this year. With the
reduced demand for wood fiber, it can be anticipated that chip prices, particularly
softwood chips, will be lower this year than in the past few years.
SOURCE: Wood Resource Quarterly